Again during the year, there were reports of prison overcrowding in Abu Dhabi and Dubai prisons.
Noncitizens represented approximately 75 percent of all prisoners. Conditions for women were equal to or slightly better than those for men.
While all emirate police forces theoretically are branches of the ministry, in practice they operate with considerable autonomy. While reported incidents of police corruption are uncommon, the ministry intervened several times in criminal cases to keep local police actions in harmony with federal law and policy.
Police stations take complaints from the public, make arrests, and forward all cases to the public prosecutor. The government has taken measures to upgrade police capability to enforce anti-trafficking standards.
In May, the government created a 70-person anti-trafficking section within the Ministry of Interior, and in October Dubai Police established a special Human Trafficking section that works in conjunction with the Human Rights Care Department.